There are many icons of Japan; sumo’s, sushi, weird sex robots, but my favourite would have to be cherry blossoms. Sakura (🇯🇵 桜, 🇨🇳 樱花), as they’re known in Japan, bloom once a year all over the country. The Japanese go mad for it! There are festivals, decorations, sakura-themed food and everyone flocks to their nearest park to sit under the trees to admire the blossoms. There will be lots of food and sake as they enjoy hanami (cherry blossom viewing).
The blooms progress is reported nightly on the news. It builds up from the first opening (kaika), to peak bloom (mankai), when the whole tree is covered in tiny flowers in hues of white, pink, magenta and even red. The peak only lasts around a week or two before the wind blows them away in what is known as a hanafubuki, a cherry blossom storm.
When to Go?
The end of March to mid-April is when they usually reach their peak in the southern Honshu area. The flowers start opening in the southern areas of the country first and work their way north over the following weeks. As Tokyo has its own microclimate, they generally open a lot earlier than the surrounding area.
While it can be hard to organise a trip in advance, ensuring south to north travel or being flexible with your travel can improve your chances of seeing the peak blooms at some point. Visit the Japan-Guide site or the Japan Meteorological Corporation site which gives an indication of when the blooms are expected a few months in advance. More accurate reports are given as the blossoms open.
I was fortunate enough to nail the peak bloom exactly on my 2011 trip and travelled from Hiroshima to Tokyo, via Kyoto, enjoying a bounty of blossoms at every stop. But on my 2019 trip, I was a bit early for Hiroshima, Osaka and Kyoto but enjoyed full bloom in Tokyo, as the weather took a cool turn when the blossoms started to open. Even if you miss peak bloom there will still be a few weeks on either side where you can still see the flowers. Different varieties of cherry blossoms trees also peak at different times so you’re pretty much guaranteed to find some from late-March to late April.
Here are a few of the places I visited which really showcased what Sakura is all about.
Hiroshima Region Cherry Blossoms
Around 4.5 hours from Tokyo on the Shinkansen, you’ll find the blossoms in this area are some of the first to bloom on Honshu, usually just a few days after Tokyo.
Miyajima Island Cherry Blossoms
You’ll probably recognise the island’s iconic red Torii gate floating in the bay as it’s used in many tourism brochures. Miyajima is covered in cherry blossom trees and is home to hundreds of inquisitive deer.
The island is very mountainous and you can walk up one of the hills to some cable cars. These will take you over the trees and hills to Mount Misen where they have temples, shrines and monkeys!
While walking back down to the Miyajima township you’ll come across beautiful stone bridges, pagodas and old houses. Back at the water’s edge, you’ll find the Buddhist Itsukushima Shrine set on stilts over the water with the giant Torii gate directly in front.
When the tide goes out you can walk out to the gate and see all the coins that tourists throw at it for good luck when rowing past in small boats.
Iwakuni Cherry Blossoms
Back on the mainland and a few train stops down from Miyajima is Iwakuni known for its famous bunny-hop bridge (that’s my nickname for it anyway.) It literally looks like someone was just doodling on a piece of paper 350 years ago and thought ‘hey that would make a cool bridge!’
Its real name is Kintai Bridge – a historical, wooden arch bridge built in 1673 that spans the Nishiki River with its five wooden arches.
The opposite side of the river has an alley of cherry blossoms with bushes of yellow canola flowers at the bottom.
Special buses run from Iwakuni train station to the bridge quite regularly.
Hiroshima Cherry Blossoms
Up in Hiroshima I found the best congregation of blossoms at Hiroshima Castle.
The original castle was destroyed by the atomic bomb in 1945, but was rebuilt in 1958. You can find plenty of cherry trees planted through its expansive grounds.
Not far from the Castle is the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park. This was ground zero for the nuclear explosion and includes the Children’s Peace Monument, Cenotaph, Peace Flame and the A-Bomb Dome. The Dome sits atop a former exhibition hall which stands as a skeleton today. As the bomb detonated 600m in the air and almost directly above the dome, the downward force resulted in the walls retaining their shape.
It sits on the edge of the Ota River which has many cherry blossom trees lining its banks.
Kyoto Cherry Blossoms
If you only have time to see the blossoms in one city, make it Kyoto!
Canals criss-cross the area, especially around Gion & Pontocho in the Higashiyama area. The canals are lined with cherry trees, branches heaving with blossoms over the water. You could wander in a different direction each day and still find a myriad of cherry trees.
Maruyama Park Cherry Blossoms
Up the end of Gion is Maruyama Park and worth a visit during the day and again at night.
The park is filled with stalls selling delicious hanami food like teriyaki beef, toffee fruit, octopus balls, gyoza (dumplings), salted smoked fish, okonomiyaki (savoury pancakes) and I even found an Iranian guy selling kebabs who wanted to take me out to dinner!
The star of the park is the giant, pink, weeping, cherry tree that everyone crowds around to get a photo. At night when many areas of the park are filled with locals noisily drinking sake and banging drums in the dark, this tree is lit up in all its glory. You might even be lucky enough to spot a real geisha or maiko (geisha in training) entertaining guests.
Philosopher’s Path Cherry Blossoms
The Philosopher’s Path is probably my second choice for blossom viewing. It’s a cherry tree-lined canal starting at the Ginkaku-ji temple that meanders down to the Nazen-ji temple, passing many more temples along the way. It was named after a Kyoto University professor who walked the 2km path daily as a form of meditation.
Many locals hold stalls along the way selling food or homemade crafts. Two elderly ladies I came across were selling little origami figures and in my broken Japanese and their broken English we had a wonderful conversation about Playboy bunnies and Christmas trees (don’t ask). After I paid for my purchases I said “Ookini“, an old Kyoto dialect for Thank-you, instead of the normal ‘arigato‘ and they were so impressed they gave me a free little origami geisha!
Halfway along there seems to be a proliferation of cats just sitting on the side of the canal, so a plus for kitty lovers!
Kiyomizu-dera Cherry Blossoms
This shrine is another popular stop on the blossom trail. High up on a hill the giant wooden structure, made without any nails, overlooks the city of Kyoto. Cherry trees fill the grounds and provide a great backdrop against the temple and its fountains. A steep street lined with souvenir shops leads the way to the top.
After visiting Kiyomizu-dera, be sure to walk down nearby Sannenzaka which has a beautiful weeping cherry blossom hanging over the laneway. See if you can find the hidden Starbucks on one of the side lanes, it’s said to be one of the prettiest in Japan. Then continue walking down Sannenzaka towards the Yasaka Pagoda, which makes a pretty picture. You’ll eventually end up at Yasaka Shrine and Maruyama Park.
Kyoto Spring Dances
If you’re in Kyoto for spring, there is one must-do. See the Miyako Odori! Presented by the geisha of the Gion Kōbu geisha district each spring and held in the famous Kaburenjo Theatre in Gion, the geisha perform many different songs and plays enacting the seasons, culminating in the grand, cherry blossom finale. These dances have been performed yearly since 1872 and are one of the best and most authentic experiences of Japanese culture. Certain tickets also allow you to watch a geisha and maiko (geisha-in-training) perform a tea ceremony in which you get a bowl of green tea, a bean paste confection and a souvenir ceramic plate, before moving through to the grand theatre with its beautifully woven silkscreen, to watch the show.
Arashiyama Cherry Blossoms
About 30 minutes west of Kyoto is Arashiyama, home of the famed bamboo forest, but there are plenty of cherry blossom trees here, especially at the Nison-in Temple, along the river and in the mountains surrounding Arashiyama.
Osaka Cherry Blossoms
Osaka Castle Cherry Blossoms
Surrounded by parks and moats, Osaka Castle has lots of pockets of over 4000 cherry blossom trees around it, including a nice weeping variety near the actual castle. You’ll find some of them lit up at night in the Nishinomaru Garden.
Catch a taxi here if you’re not up for a big walk from the station. There’s no taxi rank up at the castle either but it’s easier walking down, just a pain in the rain! (eugh personal experience.)
Expo 70 Commemorative Park Cherry Blossoms
The former site of the 1970 World Exhibition in Osaka was turned into a large public park with over 5000 cherry trees along its paths and around its large lawn areas. You’ll find these illuminated in the evenings during peak bloom.
Kema Sakuranomiya Park Cherry Blossoms
Nearly 5000 cherry trees line the Okawa River for several kilometres, this park is a wonderful spot for a stroll.
Osaka Mint Bureau Cherry Blossoms
This garden is only open to the public during peak cherry blossom season where more than 300 trees of over 100 varieties, mostly later blooming yae-zakura trees can be viewed. Their 560m promenade called “Sakura no Torinuke” is one of Osaka’s best cherry blossom views.
Himeji Cherry Blossoms
Himeji Castle Cherry Blossoms
Said to be one of the best places to view Japan’s cherry blossoms, Himeji Castle is stunning (and crowded) during peak bloom. Situated in the middle of Himeji Town, it makes a great day trip from Osaka, which is just under 2 hours away.
Tokyo Cherry Blossoms
Ueno Park Cherry Blossoms
If you want to see blossoms en mass, Ueno Park is the place to go. It’s probably the most popular hanami spot in Tokyo with over 1000 cherry trees lining wide pathways and lakes, it attracts big crowds every spring.
There’s a festival atmosphere with the thousands of people enjoying their picnics on tarps under the trees, food stalls selling all sorts of nice food and even I even spotted a carnival-type stall where you could catch a goldfish to take home!
Over on one of the lakes you can rent out swan-shaped paddleboats to work off the hanami!
Imperial Palace Cherry Blossoms
Chidorigafuchi Koen surrounds a moat which in turn surrounds the Imperial Palace. The place is huuuge and even has a freeway that cuts down the middle of it.
Giant cherry trees hang over the water and you can rent little blue boats to view the trees from the water. As the petals start to fall they create patches of pink lake that the boats romantically cut a swathe through.
Asakusa Cherry Blossoms
Sumida Park runs along the river in Asakusa and makes a pretty sight if you’re in the area visiting the nearby Senso-ji temple. The park isn’t one I’d go out of my way to see, but since Senso-ji is a must-see in Tokyo, you might as well pop around the corner to this area.
The Sensosji Shrine has a small number of cherry blossoms, placed in lovely locations and they usually have sakura decorations lining Nakamise Street, leading up to the shrine.
Meguro River Cherry Blossoms
Lined with over 800 cherry blossom trees, the river turns pink each Spring from Ikejiriohashi to Meguro, which is about 3.2 km in distance, becoming a sakura promenade and one of Tokyo’s most popular hanami spots.
Food stalls abound and the blooms are lit up nightly from 6-9pm, giving the area a festival atmosphere. Try and avoid visiting the weekend of the peak bloom as the crowds are crazy. Because a lot of the photos rely on standing at the railing on a bridge going over the river, you’ll find it very hard to make your way to the front as the crowds bottleneck on the bridge. Go on a week day instead!
If you have time, start at Meguro Station and walk down to Naka-Meguro Station. While the walk is lined with cherry blossoms the whole way, the river is wider at Meguro but narrows at Naka-Meguro, so you get the nicer photos down at Naka-Meguro. Head there if you’re short on time.
Shinjuku Goen Cherry Blossoms
Not far from Shinjuku station, there’s a measly ¥200 entrance fee but over 1000 cherry trees await you inside spread out over expansive lawns which make it a less crowded option to Ueno.
Yoyogi Park Cherry Blossoms
If you’re already in Harajuku you can walk through the forest next to the station, or catch the Chiyoda Line to the next station, Yoyogi-koen. Here there’s more cherry trees, lakes and stalls.
Harajuku Cherry Blossoms
Lastly, I’ll mention a tiny, little spot I found while chasing a hanafubuki from Takeshita St in Harajuku. It led to a little pond with turtles & koi, a number of cherry blossom trees and the most perfect camelia flower I’ve ever seen. It’s behind the northern side of Takeshita, so if you walk to the end and come to Meiji Dori (St) turn left and about 50m along you’ll see a torii gate and path that leads through a mini forest and comes out at the pond.
So if you’re thinking about heading over to Japan for next year’s cherry blossom season, I hope this gives you some tips on where to visit. It is considered peak season so be sure to book your accommodation ahead of time. Hotels can be pretty pricey in Japan but the hostels are around AU$35 a night and they’re the best quality hostels I’ve seen in the world and they all have the magic Japanese toilets (don’t knock it till you try it!).
Yanaka Cemetery Cherry Blossoms
Yep, this cemetery, just north of Ueno, is often used by locals for hanami, particularly around the sakura tunnel. You’ll find lots of cherry blossoms here, plus cats!
Take a stroll through nearby Yanaka Ginza for a bite to eat.
Kawagoe Cherry Blossoms
Just 30 minutes north of Tokyo, you will find the beautiful Shingashi River lined with cherry blossom trees. You can take boat rides down the river which is especially towards the end of peak bloom when the petals have fallen in the water. Head to the back of Hikawa Shrine for the prettiest parts. Leave time to explore to explore the town’s warehouse street with its traditional shops and Candy Alley, which is self-explanatory!
Where To Stay
In Tokyo, on a budget I recommend Khaosan Kabuki Hostel or Samurai Hostel, both in Asakusa. Close to Senso-ji temple (best place to get souvenirs), lots of restaurants around and lots of Subway Stations in the area. For 3-4 start hotels, check out The Gate in Asakusa or Hotel Gracery in Shinjuku.
In Kyoto, I recommend Khaosan Kyoto Guesthouse which is only a few years old so all the amenities are pretty up to date. They also have a huge recreation area and kitchen. Also, each of the bunks have their own privacy curtain which is handy. If you book here take a screen grab on your phone of the street view of the place as the font they use, although written in English, looks like Kanji so it can be very easy to walk past! This hostel is within walking distance of Pontocho, Gion and Maruyama Park. It’s also just off one of the main shopping streets and the awesome basement food courts in the big department stores on the corner of Shijo-dori & Kawaramachi-dori.
In Osaka, I stayed at First Cabin Namba, which is right next to Namba Station and just a few minutes walk to Dotonburi’s crazy nightlife and neon signs. First Cabin is a premium capsule style hotel offering a range of pods, cabins and rooms.
Also check out The Cross Hotel, right in Dotonburi, with comfortable rooms at a reasonable price (does tend to be higher in sakura season).
In Hiroshima, I stayed at Backpackers Miyajima, which gives the option of sleeping traditional style on tatami mats, or in bunks. The hostel is right on the water next to the ferry that goes over to Miyajima Island. Restaurants and supermarkets are nearby. The train station is a short walk and the tram stop is right next to the ferry terminal, so even though it’s 40 minutes outside of Hiroshima, it’s still a good spot if you don’t think you’ll spend much time in the city.
In the city I stayed at Hotel Park Side, it’s in a fantastic location right near the Peace Park and shopping area with lots of restaurants.
Cherry blossom season in Japan does mean crowds, but along with that comes a great, inclusive atmosphere and festival feeling. I thought I’d be sick of cherry blossoms after a few days, but I never tired of their pastel protrusion all over the city!
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